Between the Acts

Broj 1 - Godina 7 - 12/2016

Uvodnik

The papers collected within this entr'acte issue use different perspectives and standpoints to explore what happens between the acts – regardless of whether these are acts of a play, acts of speech or some other kind of social intercourse, or – broadly speaking – various acts/actions/activities that pertain to fictional worlds. It could arguably be expected that between the acts there is nothing of significance – utter silence and empty rows of seats in a theatre hall – or some form of light entertainment at best. These spatiotemporal lacunae, vacancies left gaping for however short a time, still possess the power, as all the papers in this issue seem to indicate, to construct and project new meanings of their own, or at the very least create potential for re-interpreting the adjacent ideas and contents, as well as exploring the problems of context, causality and sequence. ..

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Izdvojeno

This essay examines the long-standing and far-reaching influence of Oscar Wilde’s public persona – both historical and mythical – on author Beverley Nichols. Nichols, famous during his lifetime for both his non-fiction and reportage, has sustained his fame primarily through his Allways and Merry Hall gardening trilogies. These feature a semi-autobiographical version of the author who is self-styled as a spiritual successor who pays homage to, and extends the legacy of, Oscar Wilde and his endless bon mots, serving up irony, humor, and social commentary in an engaging, urbane manner while further shaping the Wildean identity that prevailed as an iconic gay style throughout much of the last century and that endures, in some forms, even today. Keywords: queer theory, Oscar Wilde, Beverley Nichols, Pet Shop Boys, queer identityOscar Wilde’s final words as his three harrowing trials and, indeed, his remarkably verbal life drew near their close – “And I? May I say nothing, my Lord?” – serve as a potent reminder of the many forces that conspired to silence the man, his work, and the desire he came to represent, for better or worse, to so many. Nearly a century after that utterance, his words continue to resonate, as a refrain, perhaps even a plaintive cry, for the Pet Shop Boys (PSB hereafter) and many others, suggesting that Wilde, as the long-reigning patron saint of queer men, still holds sway in matters of self-styling and queer identity formation based in nostalgia. From the spectacle of his downfall emerged a mythical Wilde – martyr, champion of queer desire, arbiter of style and wit – based in the biographical as much as the fanciful, who inspires Wilde nostalgia even today. Beverley Nichols, especially in his two mid-century “gardening” trilogies, pays homage to the cultural construct we call Oscar Wilde with his endless bon mots, serving up irony, humor, and social commentary in an engaging, urbane manner while further shaping the Wildean identity that prevailed as an iconic queer style throughout much of the last century and that enjoys nostalgic revivals by artists like PSB over a century later. ...

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After an entire decade (1948-1957) of being strictly forbidden and anathematized, Czech crime fiction gained sway in the post-February literary life at the end of the fifties. There were several impulses that led to this occurrence: (1) fatigue of the constructive novel as a representative prose genre of the first half of the fifties, (2) the Moscow conference on Sci-Fi and crime fiction in July of 1958, and (3) a series of essays, Marsyas of the US, published in the beginning of 1958 by L. Dorůžka, F. Jungwirth and J.Škvorecký in Světová literatura revue. In addition to that, works of Czech literary classic writer Karel Čapek carried imense importance in the process of affirmation of crime fiction in the period 1958-1969, which can also be seen in the works of writers and literary critics of liberal (pro-western) orientation. This article analyzes Čapek's contribution to the “Rennaissance” of Czech crime fiction on two different levels. The first level is a review of connections between his book of essays Marsyas or On the sidelines of literature and essays by Dorůžka, Jungwirth and Škvorecky in Marsyas of the US. The second level aims to detect the Čapek motifs in crime fiction produced between1958 and 1969....

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Jednom sam upoznala pisca koji je rekao da više ne može podnijeti biti pisac. Bilo je to na zabavi u Madridu i ne sjećam se kako sam tamo završila, ali zabava je bila u Ulici Ventura de la Vega pa pretpostavljam da me netko koga sam upoznala te noći odveo tamo (moji prijatelji, ako sam ih uopće imala, živjeli su na sasvim drugim mjestima). Ako si pravi pisac, ne možeš samo tako prestati pisati, rekla sam. Moram, odgovorio je. Zato što se bojim da naginjem ludilu, a onih dana kad ne naginjem ludilu naginjem nečemu još gorem. Čemu?, upitala sam. Rekao je da ne zna, ali da mora misliti na ženu i dijete i da se, što se ludila tiče, slaže s Robertom Bolanom, da je zarazno. U to vrijeme nisam puno izlazila. Tek sam se udala i loše sam govorila španjolski, sin je bio samo godinu dana star i sve sam vrijeme provodila kod kuće, osim, katkad, kad bi mi se muž vratio s puta, spustio torbe u predsoblju i pogledao me dok sam sjedila na kauču nakon cijelog dana buljenja u sapunice. Mora da sam izgledala podbuhlo i zavidno dok sam tako sjedila na kauču kad bi se on vratio kući. Uvijek je nosio kravatu i sjajno odijelo i dok bi tamo stajao sa svojom crnom, španjolskom kosom, činilo mi se da u njegovim očima vidim sve zračne luke ovog svijeta. Ali nikada nije rekao da je stan u neredu ili da izgledam kao da tjedan dana nisam oprala kosu. Rekao je: Sad je na tebi red da malo izađeš. I podigao bi našeg sina, koji bi počeo vrištati. Naš bi mu sin ispovraćao velike žute mrlje po odijelu, ali moj muž samo bi se nasmijao i izgledao sretno. Španjolci vole djecu. Dobro se odijevaju i opušteni su, ta mi se kombinacija oduvijek sviđala. ...

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The present research attempts to highlight the functions of silence in confrontational discourse in television interviews within the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Conversation Analysis (CA). The research starts with the hypothesis that silence can be used for expressing power in discourse. Since silence represents an element of discontinuity in speech, it occurs relatively rarely in confrontational discourse, which is characterized by continuous flow of speech and a quick turn-taking system. However, when it does occur, it is particularly obvious and can represent either an expression of power or absence of power. The research focuses on pauses and gaps, analyzes their functions of power, and is conducted as a contrastive analysis between English and Serbian. The results obtained show that both in the English and Serbian corpora, silence in confrontational discourse can indeed be a means for expressing power, but also a sign that the speaker is in an unfavourable position....

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