Future Insights

No. 2 - Year 9 - 06/2019

University of Zadar | ISSN 1847-7755 | SIC.JOURNAL.CONTACT@GMAIL.COM

Editorial

The articles presented in the 18th issue of [sic] discuss, in broad terms, the ways in which literary and cultural phenomena manage to transcend the temporal and spatial framework into which they were born. They thus provide understandings and intuitions with continuing relevance, and their impact extends – regardless of when they were created – well into the future. In the opening article, Dejan Durić and Željka Matijašević analyze the concept of intensity through psychoanalytic lenses, as it evolves from the 1960s counterculture toward the present-day forms of capitalism. Krešimir Vuković delves into the imagery of classical literature and explores what insights Homer, Hesiod, and Callimachus offered for future authors. Finally, Korana Serdarević turns toward teaching methodology and tackles the issue of whether 19th century literature can help shape the views of today’s (and tomorrow’s) society. ...

Future Insights
Roman Bobryk, Siedlce University of Natural Science and Humanities, Poland:

Most cultures mythologize their "beginnings." At the same time, there seems to be no culture or artistic formation to mention its "end." The only issue that is discussed is the end of the others. The end as such is also often strongly mythologized and takes an apocalyptic form. However, in Wisława Szymborska’s poetry we can see the "end" being clearly demythologized (both in its common sense and in the individual one – as the end of one’s life). In her poems, every "end" is simultaneously the "beginning" of something new. In the individual sense, this demythologization takes the form of juxtaposing the insignificance of human existence with the vastness of the world. Consequently, the death of a man does not mean the end of the world.Keywords: Szymborska Wislawa, Polish poety of 20th century, demythologizingUpotreba kategorija početka i kraja jedan je od simptoma doživljavanja svijeta kao nečega što je moguće izmjeriti. Same kategorije početka i kraja dobivaju u kulturi dva različita o...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.pub.6
Future Insights
Stefano Aloe, University of Verona, Italy:

The active function of monuments is one of the numerous core beliefs of the Russian society both during and after the Soviet era. In the Russian urban space, several monuments keep on rising and still attract an inextinguishable attention towards their symbolic meaning. This situation could lead to a suffocating idea of culture. In a country, the “monumentalization” of its heroes from a past culture, with its characteristic plastic rhetoric, tends to oversimplify the models of the collective memory and opts for static postures, “frozen-up” in a cultural canon. Within this research field, Russian antiquity deserves specific attention, due to the fact that contemporary literature takes a considerable role in redefining its features. The paper will cover some of the most original works that stand out from this literary trend, such as Tatyana Tolstaya’s novel The Slynx, Boris Akunin’s Altyn-Tolobas, and Evgeny Vodolazkin’s Laurus.Keywords: monuments, monumentalization, ancient Russian cult...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.pub.7
Future Insights
Riccardo Nicolosi, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany:

The article focuses on a little-known text of the early 20th-century Russian Literature, The Earthly Paradise, or a Winter Night's Dream. Tales from the 27th Century (1903) by Konstantin S. Merezhkovsky, biologist and elder brother of the symbolist writer Dmitry Merezhkovsky. The Earthly Paradise is one of the most radical eugenic utopias of the future written around 1900 since it stages a radical post-humanistic concept – a new beginning of mankind through eugenics. Keywords: utopia, eugenics, biopoliticsU radu je je riječ o slabo poznatom tekstu ruske književnosti s početka 20. stoljeća, naziva Raj zemaljski, ili San zimske noći. Bajka utopija 27. stoljeća (Raj zemnoj, ili son v zimnjuju noč'. Skazka-utopija XXVII veka, Merežkovskij). Knjiga je izdana 1903. godine u Berlinu na ruskom i njemačkom jeziku. Autor romana je biolog Konstantin Sergeevič Merežkovskij, poznatiji kao teoretičar evolucijske teorije simbiogeneze i stariji brat ruskog simbolista Dmitrija Merežkovskog (Zolotonosov...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.pub.3
Literature and Culture
Tomislav Denegri, University of Zadar, Croatia:

From Homer’s Odyssey and Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe to Jules Verne’s Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and Herman Melville’s Moby Dick, the sea has always featured prominently in Western literature. Stories of voyages over (or under) boundless oceans, tales of mutiny and piracy, of treasure and adventure, have all become an integral part of our literary tradition. And while it was frequently admired, the sea’s capricious nature and fathomless depths have often led to it being feared in equal measure. Compiled and edited by Mike Ashley, From the Depths and Other Strange Tales of the Sea is an anthology comprising fifteen lesser known stories taken from other collections and pulp magazines dating back to the early 20th century, which ably illustrates that period’s fascination with the sea, especially with its more fantastical and uncanny aspects.The collection opens strongly with an invitingly horrific, if somewhat traditional ghost ship story. Albert A. Wetjen’s “The Ship of Sil...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.lc.5
Future Insights
Olga Alimovna Bogdanova, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia:

The idea of the landlord's estate as “paradise on land,” traditional in the Russian culture of the late 19th and early 20th century, evolved in the literature of the 1910s and 1920s into the idea of the city-garden, which united the “beginning” and “ends” of the image of Biblical paradise – the Old Testament Eden and the Apocalyptic New Jerusalem. The substrate of the city-garden mythologem became the "estate topos," which indicates its plasticity and significant heuristic potential, i.e. not only its belonging to the former landowner estate of the 19th century, but also its ability to create new cultural modifications, such as the “city of the future” by V. V. Khlebnikov or the “city garden” in the prose of A. N. Tolstoy and in the Soviet poetry of the 1920s.Keywords: paradise, topics, landowner estate, estate topos, “city of the future,” “city-garden,” the first third of the 20th century, A. N. Tolstoy, V. V. Khlebnikov, V. V. Mayakovsky

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.pub.4
Literature and Culture
Dejan Durić and Željka Matijašević:

The article analyzes the concept of intensity promoted in late capitalism, and its difference from the teleological intensity of the countercultural sixties. Intensity is approached through psychoanalytic lenses as related to Freud’s drive theory, and to Lacan’s concept of jouissance. Counter-depressive intensity persists today devoid of any meaning, as it is a self-legitimating strategy of the most perfect and best conformed capitalist subject. The notion of the culture of intensity covers the natural privileging of late capitalism towards ‘the good intense.’ This paper analyzes its reverse: ‘the bad intense,’ and the tragedy of dysphoria. The movie Shame (2011), directed by Steve McQueen, is interpreted as an example of the transformation of the countercultural value of sexuality in the sixties to its mere reduction to both intense and numbing experience. Keywords: intensity, Eros, death drive, jouissance, euphoria, countercultureThis paper analyzes the concept of intensity promoted ...

DOI: 10.15291/sic/2.9.lc.1